Chandra Rajeshwara Rao (June 6, 1914 – April 9, 1994) is an Indian freedom fighter.He was one of the top leaders of the Telangana Rebellion (1946–1951). He also worked as Communist Party of India (CPI) general secretary for 28 years before giving up the job in 1992 for health reasons.
Rao comes from an affluent peasant family. He received medical education at Banaras Hindu University in Varanasi and at a medical college in Vishakha-patnam. He joined the Communist Party of India (CPI) in 1931 and became secretary of the CPI committee of Andhra Province in 1943. Rao was general secretary of the Central Committee of the CPI in 1950 and 1951, vice-chairman of the All-India Kisan Sabha (Peasants’ League) in 1954 and 1955. In December 1964 he was elected general secretary of the National Council of the CPI. He was awarded the Order of Lenin in 1974. His son, Chandra Chandrasekhar, and grandson, Chandra Jaideep are in Andhra Pradesh politics.
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Chandra Rajeswara Rao Foundation for Social Progress" (CR Foundation), a society formed with No-profit motive, established in the year 1994 to perpetuate the memory of great distinguished legendary personality of India, Sri Chandra Rajeswara Rao. Popularly known as CR, he relentlessly fought for the upliftment of the poor and downtrodden. He was a great patriot. He left his medical studies to fight for workers and to build trade unions. He was dedicated to Communist ideals and egalitarian values he continued his journey for emancipation of the toiling masses and struggled for social progress till his last last breath. His dedication to the cause earned him high esteem and the respect of leaders of all political parties- to name some, Smt. Indira Gandhi, Putchalapalli Sundarayya, Neelam Sanjeeva Reddy, Jayaprakash Narayan, Babu Jagjivan Ram, Ravi Narayan Reddy, Makhdoom Mohiuddin, international stalwarts like Stalin and Breznev of Russia, Fidel Castro of Cuba and many others. He had the unique honour of being the General Secretary of the Communist Party of India for quarter of a century. He was endowed with the coveted "Order of Lenin" and many other International Awards.
To translate into deeds of his ideals and aims, the CR Foundation decided to take up a number of projects. The Government of Andhra Pradesh allotted 5 acres of prime land in a strategic location in Kondapur, Hyderabad near the famous IT hub of AP, where the Hitech City is located.